About the Department
LUNG AND WHAT ARE THEIR DUTIES?
The respiratory system starts from the nose and sinuses and continues to the very tip of the lung. The lungs ensure that the oxygen that is absolutely necessary for life is taken into the body and that the carbon dioxide formed in the body is thrown out. Humans have two lungs, right and left. The lungs are located in the thorax. A membrane called the pleura surrounds both lungs.
WHAT ARE CHEST DISEASES?
The most common diseases that are followed up and treated in outpatient and, if necessary, inpatient, chest diseases polyclinic:
*Asthma and Allergy
*COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) and Emphysema
*Sleep Apnea (stopping breathing during sleep) and Snoring
*Benign Tumors of the Lung
* Diseases and Cancer of the Pulmonary Membrane
*Acute and Chronic Bronchitis, Bronchiectasis
*Pneumonia and Inflammatory Diseases of the Lungs
*Occupational Lung Diseases
*Pulmonary Embolism (Pulmonary Embolism)
*Diaphragmatic (muscle in the chest and abdominal cavity) Diseases
WHAT ARE THE COMPLAINTS IN CHEST DISEASES?
Since the lungs are organs through which blood circulation is constantly passed, they cause complaints not only due to their own diseases but also due to diseases related to other organs. The most important of these complaints are:
⇒ Shortness of breath
⇒ Coughing blood from the mouth
⇒ Chest and flank pain
⇒ Back and shoulder pain
⇒ Less common complaints are:
⇒ Weight loss
⇒ Loss of appetite
⇒ night sweats
DIAGNOSTIC INTERVENTIONS USED IN CHEST DISEASES
RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS (PFT) and REVERSIBILITY DETERMINATION
In the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of lung diseases, respiratory function tests (PFT) and reversibility determination (spirometric tests) are performed in the respiratory laboratory. PFT is performed especially in the distinction between asthma and COPD, in the diagnosis and follow-up of its diagnosis and treatment, in the diagnosis and follow-up of occupational diseases, and before operations when necessary. It is recommended that patients who smoke and want to quit undergo PFT and Lung imaging at least for one-year periods.
ALLERGY SKIN TESTS (ACT)
Asthma may accompany many allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, pharyngitis and skin eczema. Studies conducted in recent years have reported that nearly half of children with asthma have food allergies. Thanks to allergy tests, it is possible to prevent diseases first. In necessary cases, vaccination (immunotherapy) is planned after the allergy test.
It has an important role in the early diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. BRONCHOSCOPY (Flexible Fiberoptic Bronchoscopy-FOB-) procedure is performed in our endoscopy unit by an experienced chest diseases specialist. Bronchoscopy is the endoscopic examination of the trachea and bronchial tree (airways). The bronchoscopy procedure, which we perform with the Fujinon brand bronchoscope, accompanied by video, is one of the most important discoveries of medicine in recent years. It is an intervention that does not require anesthesia and is performed with superficial anesthetization, and when necessary, by anesthetizing.
Major diseases requiring bronchoscopy include:
⇒ Diagnosis and follow-up of lung cancer and benign tumors
⇒ Chronic cough for more than a month
⇒ Bleeding from the mouth or with sputum
⇒ In the diagnosis of occupational and lung tissue (interstitial) diseases
⇒ In some diseases that can be diagnosed with sputum, in cases where the patient cannot produce sputum
⇒ In the diagnosis of rare lung diseases of unknown cause.
THORACENTHESIS (PLEURAL PUNCTION)
Due to various diseases, fluid accumulation, which we call pleurisy, can be seen in the lung membrane. In this case, it is possible to examine the fluid taken by thoracentesis for diagnosis and/or treatment. This procedure, which is also performed to drain the fluid in patients with shortness of breath due to excess fluid accumulation in the pleura, is another interventional method of chest diseases and is performed in our hospital.
In the Chest Diseases Department of our hospital;
Infectious diseases of the respiratory system (pneumonia, pleural infection, tuberculosis)
Occupational Lung Diseases diagnosis and treatment are given by our expert team.
As Private Akdeniz Hospital Chest Diseases Department, we wish you a healthy day.